What are HMIS Project Types?

Each provider in HMIS is assigned a Project Type based on the lodging or service it is providing. All HMIS federal partner programs have identified the requirements and correct project type for each program and program component. The Project Type selected directly impacts data collection and reporting requirements. Below are descriptions of each HMIS project type.

Source: FY 2024 HMIS Data Standards Manual

Emergency Shelters Emergency shelters are classified in two different project types: either “Entry-Exit” (EE) or “Night-by-Night" (NbN). Reporting and outcomes will differ depending on the shelter type. Utilization of the NbN type does not mean that HMIS must identify a client in a specific bed. 
Emergency Shelter: Entry-Exit (ES) A project that offers temporary shelter (lodging) for people experiencing homelessness in general or for specific populations of people experiencing homelessness. The EE shelter project type should be used for all shelters that collect Universal Data Elements (UDEs) and certain Program-Specific Data Elements (PSDEs) at project start and project exit, including projects that require or strongly encourage a continuous stay while a client resolves their experience of homelessness. In EE shelters, length of stay is calculated based on the number of nights between project start and project exit, and performance measures will include changes from project start and project exit Data Collection Stages.
Emergency Shelter: Night-by-Night (ES) The NbN emergency shelter type may be used by some high-volume shelters and shelters where a significant proportion of clients spend a night at the shelter as needed on an irregular basis. This project type relies on creating a separate record of each date on which a client is present in the shelter as a means for calculating length of stay and implies that the emergency shelter is generally unable to collect as much client data at project exit as an EE emergency shelter for tracking utilization. In NbN shelter: 
  • (1) entry information is collected the first time that a client stays at the shelter 
  • (2) the project records every discrete date (or series of dates) that the client resides in the shelter; 
  • (3) the HMIS maintains historical data on the nights a client is sheltered; 
  • (4) the client may be exited when shelter staff has information that indicates that the client is unlikely to return to the shelter or the system may be designed to automatically generate an exit (dating back to the day after the last bed night) after an extended absence
  • (5) for reporting purposes, a client's length of stay in the project will be based on the actual number of bed nights and not on the period of time from entry to exit.
Transitional Housing (TH) A project that provides temporary lodging and is designed to facilitate the movement of homeless individuals and families into permanent housing within a specified period of time, but no longer than 24 months. Requirements and limitations may vary by program and will be specified by the funder.
PH: Rapid Re-housing (RRH) A permanent housing project that provides housing relocation and stabilization services and short- and/or medium-term rental assistance as necessary to help a homeless individual or family move as quickly as possible into permanent housing and achieve stability in that housing. Beginning in the FY 2024 HMIS Data Standards, Rapid Re-Housing (RRH) projects can be classified in one of two subtypes – ‘Services Only’ or ‘Housing with or without services’. 
RRH: Services Only A RRH project that provides services only and does not provide ongoing rental assistance or support any inventory for participants.
RRH: Housing with or without services A RRH project that offers ongoing rental assistance that may or may not be accompanied by financial or other supportive services to participants.
PH: Permanent Supportive Housing (disability requirement for entry) (PSH) A project that offers permanent housing and supportive services to assist people experiencing homelessness with a disability (individuals with disabilities or families in which one adult or child has a disability) to live independently. (It's important to note that only projects that require a HUD Disabling Condition are considered the PSH project type. Even though Minnesota's DHS Housing Support program requires a MN Disabling Condition for eligibility purposes, projects with that funding source would not be considered "PSH." Instead, those projects would be considered the "PH - Housing with Services (no HUD disability required for entry)" project type.)
PH: Housing with Services (no disability requirement for entry) (PH S) A project that offers permanent housing and supportive services to assist people experiencing homelessness to live independently but does not limit eligibility to individuals with disabilities or families in which one adult or child has a disability.
PH: Housing Only (PH HO) A project that offers permanent housing for people experiencing homelessness but does not make supportive services available as part of the project.
Day Shelter (DS) A project that offers daytime facilities and services (no lodging) for people experiencing homelessness.
Street Outreach (SO) A project that offers services necessary to reach out to people experiencing unsheltered homelessness, connect them with emergency shelter, housing, or critical services, and provide urgent, non-facility-based care to those who are unwilling or unable to access emergency shelter, housing, or an appropriate health facility. Only persons who are residing on streets or other places not meant for habitation should be entered into a street outreach project. Projects assisting persons other than unsheltered persons must have two separate projects to be set up in HMIS, one 'Street Outreach' and the other 'Services Only.'
Services Only (SSO) A project that offers only Housing Project or Housing Structure Specific or Stand-Alone supportive services (other than Street Outreach or Coordinated Entry) to address the special needs of participants.
Homelessness Prevention (HP) A project that offers services and/or financial assistance necessary to prevent a person from entering an emergency shelter or place not meant for human habitation.
Coordinated Entry (CE) A project that administers the CoCs centralized or coordinated process for assessment and referral of individuals and families seeking housing or services, including the use of a comprehensive and standardized assessment tool.
Other A project that offers services, but does not provide lodging, and cannot otherwise be categorized as another project type.
Safe Haven (SH) Safe Haven (SH): (Minnesota does not currently have any projects that meet the Safe Haven project type definition.) A project that offers supportive housing that:
  • (1) serves hard-to-reach people experiencing homelessness with severe mental illness who have been unsheltered and have been unwilling or unable to participate in supportive services; 
  • (2) provides 24-hour residence for eligible persons for an unspecified period; 
  • (3) has an overnight capacity limited to 25 or fewer persons; and 
  • (4) provides low-demand services and referrals for the residents.
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